Molecular screening for Mycoplasma hominis is a fast, specific and sensitive way of detecting this particular microorganism from a variety of biological materials.
Mycoplasmas belong to the Mollicutes class of bacteria which includes three distinct families and four genera, one of which is the genus Mycoplasma with more than 60 species. Mycoplasmas are the smallest free-living organisms known (300 to 500 nm in diameter) and unlike bacteria have no cell wall. Mycoplasmas are extracellular parasites, prefer mucosal membranes and can cause infections in humans, animals, plants and cell cultures. Mycoplasma hominis is an opportunistic pathogenic mycoplasma that is found to be symbiotic in the lower urogenital system of humans. It can cause inflammatory pelvic disease and also fever after childbirth or after miscarriage and has been linked to bacterial vaginitis. In newborns, it can cause pneumonia, meningitis or abscesses. It has also been implicated for infections outside of the genitals, especially in immunosuppressed patients. Two other species of the Mollicutes class, Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum, play a role in the creation of human infections and reside in the same natural position as M. hominis, the urogenital system.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.