When it comes to your health, the answers are in your genes. Now you have the tool that gives you those answers. Now you have myGenomiX® genetic testing.
With the myGenomiX® predisposition genetic testing, you can get information about your genetic background and how it affects your health. You can find out what role your genes play in digestive health, how well your body copes with exercise stress, the risk of osteoporosis and high blood pressure, how environmental factors affect your body, and how your genetic background and lifestyle impact your health.
The human genome comprises approximately 6.4 billion nucleotides and about 20.000 genes that code for proteins (~2% of the genome). Exons are the protein-coding segments of genes. All the exons in the human genome contain the most known disease-causing mutations and pathologic variants. These variants affect protein sequence, structure, and function, and genetic testing focuses primarily on identifying them.
Modern technologies have enabled accurate sequencing of the entire human genome. Accordingly, a typical human genome differs from the reference sequence in approximately 4 to 5 million sites (out of 3.2 billion pairs). The variations, called polymorphisms, are inherited from parents or are introduced during cell division. In each genome, 3.5 to 4 million variants involve one nucleotide and are called single-nucleotide polymorphisms or variants (SNPs). Approximately 10.000 to 12.000 SNPs in each genome affect the amino acid sequence in the encoded protein. Some genetic variants are considered pathogenic because they substantially change the structure of the encoded protein, resulting in changes in its function.