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Fructose Intolerance, Breath Test

Includes 5 tests
15 Days

Fructose intolerance refers to the body's inability to properly digest fructose, a naturally occurring sugar found in fruits, honey, and some vegetables. When individuals with fructose intolerance consume foods containing fructose, they may experience gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. The breath test for fructose intolerance, which measures hydrogen (H2) gas levels in breath samples, is a diagnostic tool to identify this condition and guide appropriate dietary modifications and treatment.

The breath test for fructose intolerance relies on the fermentation of unabsorbed fructose by bacteria in the colon. Unlike glucose, which is absorbed in the small intestine, fructose may not be fully absorbed and can reach the colon intact in individuals with fructose malabsorption or intolerance. Bacteria in the colon ferment unabsorbed fructose, producing hydrogen gas as a byproduct. This excess hydrogen is absorbed into the bloodstream and exhaled through the lungs, where it can be detected and measured in breath samples.

See also myGenomiX® Fructose Intolerance, Genetic Testing

The fructose intolerance breath test typically involves the following steps:

  • Preparation: Patients are instructed to follow specific dietary restrictions for a period leading up to the test to minimize the presence of other fermentable substances that could confound the results. This may include avoiding foods high in fructose and other fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) for a specified period.
  • Baseline Breath Sample: A baseline breath sample is collected to establish the patient's baseline hydrogen levels before ingesting the fructose solution.
  • Fructose Ingestion: The patient drinks a standardized solution containing a predetermined amount of fructose.
  • Breath Sampling: Breath samples are collected at regular intervals, typically every 30 to 60 minutes, for 3 hours. These samples are analyzed for hydrogen gas concentrations using a breath analyzer.
  • Interpretation: Increased hydrogen levels above the baseline measurement indicate bacterial fermentation of fructose in the colon, confirming fructose intolerance.
Clinical Significance and Management

Clinical Significance: The fructose intolerance breath test is valuable in diagnosing fructose intolerance and differentiating it from other gastrointestinal disorders with similar symptoms. Identifying fructose intolerance allows healthcare providers to recommend dietary modifications to minimize symptoms and improve the quality of life for affected individuals. It also helps avoid unnecessary treatments and interventions for conditions that mimic fructose intolerance.

Management Strategies: Once fructose intolerance is diagnosed, management strategies typically focus on dietary modifications and symptom management. Recommendations may include:

  • Dietary Avoidance: Patients are advised to limit or avoid foods and beverages high in fructose, including fruits such as apples, pears, and mangoes, as well as sweetened products containing high-fructose corn syrup. Choosing alternative sources of carbohydrates that are better tolerated, such as glucose or starch, can help minimize symptoms.
  • Nutritional Counseling: Working with a registered dietitian can help patients identify and navigate foods high in fructose and other fermentable carbohydrates and develop a well-balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs while minimizing symptoms.
  • Symptom Management: Over-the-counter medications or dietary supplements may be recommended to help alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea.
  • Monitoring and Follow-Up: Regular follow-up appointments with healthcare providers are essential to monitor symptom progression, assess dietary adherence, and adjust the management plan.

The breath test for fructose intolerance is a valuable diagnostic tool that helps identify individuals who cannot properly digest fructose, a common dietary component. By accurately diagnosing fructose intolerance, healthcare providers can implement targeted dietary modifications and symptom management strategies to improve the quality of life for affected individuals.

Additional information
Tests includedIncludes 5 tests
Sample Other
Procedure completion test
Step 1

Purchase the test you want online

Select the tests you wish, through the most complete range of Preventive and Functional Medicine tests and purchase them online.

Step 2


We send you the certified package - sampling collection kit, to collect your sample, always in accordance with the instructions contained within the kit.

Step 3

Sending your sample

After you have collected your sample, place it in the prepaid shipping package, contact the courier company and send it to our certified laboratory.

Step 4

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

Step 1

Book an appointment and buy the test online

Select from the most complete range test of Prevention, Andrology and Diagnostics, book an appointment in real time and purchase them online.

Step 2


Visit the certified laboratory of Diagnostiki Athinon on the date and time you have chosen, to perform the sampling.

Step 3

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

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