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Cardiovascular System Basic Profile

Includes 15 tests

The Cardiovascular System Basic Profile evaluates conventional and innovative biomarkers to help early detection and subsequent modification of the risk factors associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. The profile includes 15 different tests, including oxidized LDL and Lipoprotein-alpha, which are higher in patients with cardiovascular disease and are associated with the severity of the disease. Risk factor assessment provides information of great preventive value and helps to plan individualized therapeutic interventions.

Why is it necessary to test the Cardiovascular System?

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death for both men and women and are responsible for at least 25% of all deaths. Certain conditions, such as diabetes and obesity, as well as lifestyle choices, such as poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption, increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

The aging of the population presents an ever-increasing need for an accurate and comprehensive assessment of biochemical factors associated with cardiovascular diseases.

With appropriate individualized therapeutic interventions based on the recognition of these markers, cardiovascular diseases can be largely prevented.

Risk factors for Cardiovascular Disease

Risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases are divided into 2 major groups:

Non-modifiable risk factors

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Genetic background
  • Family history

Modifiable risk factors

  • Smoking
  • Bad nutrition
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Reduced physical activity
  • Dyslipidemias
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Metabolic syndrome
What does the Cardiovascular System Basic Profile include?


Total cholesterol, "bad" LDL cholesterol, "good" HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides are traditionally measured to assess the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. However, recent studies show that some newer biomarkers may offer even better results in risk assessment. For example, the measurement of oxidized LDL cholesterol is more specific and is directly involved in the formation and progression of atherosclerotic plaque.

Levels of apolipoproteins A1 and B and specific HDL and LDL protein components are also good prognostic risk indicators.

Depending on the lipid profile results and other risk factors, treatment options may include lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, or even dietary supplements or medications.

Apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1): Apo A1 is a protein that has a specific role in lipid metabolism and is the main protein constituent of HDL, the "good cholesterol." HDL removes excess cholesterol from the cells and returns it to the liver for recycling or elimination. Apo A1 levels tend to rise and fall along with HDL levels, and Apo A1 deficiencies are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Apolipoprotein B (Apo B): Apo B is a protein involved in lipid metabolism and is the major protein component of lipoproteins, such as very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad" cholesterol). Apo B concentrations tend to reflect those of LDL cholesterol. Abnormal Apo B levels may be due to certain genetic disorders or certain pathological conditions (hyper- and hypothyroidism, cirrhosis, diabetes, taking certain medications, etc.)

Lipoprotein A [Lp (a)]: Lp (a) is a lipoprotein consisting of an LDL molecule along with a protein (apolipoprotein (a)). Lp (a) is similar to LDL cholesterol but does not respond to standard LDL reduction approaches such as diet, exercise, and most lipid-lowering drugs. Since Lp (a) levels appear to be genetically determined and are not easy to modify, high Lp (a) levels can be used to identify individuals who benefit from more aggressive treatment of other risk factors.

CRP: Arterial damage is associated with the entry of white blood cells into the blood vessel walls and the initiation of inflammation, which increases the blood levels of an acute-phase protein, C-reactive protein (CRP). For example, patients with moderately elevated CRP levels are more likely to develop a stroke, myocardial infarction, and severe peripheral arterial disease. Although the high sensitivity measurement of CRP is not specific to cardiovascular disease, its measurement is a valuable asset for comprehensive cardiovascular disease risk assessment.

Homocysteine: Homocysteine is an amino acid found in minimal amounts in all body cells. This is because the body typically converts homocysteine to other products. Elevated homocysteine levels are associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Homocysteine increases the risk of cardiovascular disease because it can damage the blood vessel walls and cause blood clot formation.

Fibrinogen: Fibrinogen is a protein necessary for the formation of blood clots (coagulation mechanism). Measurement of fibrinogen may provide additional information, leading to more aggressive treatment of modifiable risk factors.

Additional information
Tests includedIncludes 15 tests
Sample Blood
Procedure completion test
Step 1

Purchase the test you want online

Select the tests you wish, through the most complete range of Preventive and Functional Medicine tests and purchase them online.

Step 2


We send you the certified package - sampling collection kit, to collect your sample, always in accordance with the instructions contained within the kit.

Step 3

Sending your sample

After you have collected your sample, place it in the prepaid shipping package, contact the courier company and send it to our certified laboratory.

Step 4

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

Step 1

Book an appointment and buy the test online

Select from the most complete range test of Prevention, Andrology and Diagnostics, book an appointment in real time and purchase them online.

Step 2


Visit the certified laboratory of Diagnostiki Athinon on the date and time you have chosen, to perform the sampling.

Step 3

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

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