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Selenium (Se)

Includes 1 test
Blood, Faeces, Hair, Nails
10 Days

Measurement of selenium is used to test possible deficiency and monitor toxicity due to excessive exposure.

More information

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element. It acts as a cofactor for maintaining the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), an enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of organic peroxides. The absence of selenium is associated with a loss of GSH-Px activity, resulting in damage to cell membranes due to the accumulation of free radicals.

The essential nature of selenium in human nutrition is now undeniable. Multiple cases of selenium deficiency have been reported in patients receiving parenteral nutrition for more than one week. Deficiency has also been reported in severe malnutrition. Selenium deficiency is associated with painful muscle weakness and acute or chronic congestive heart failure due to myocardial disease, which can sometimes be fatal. In some cases, other findings of selenium deficiency include erythrocyte macrocytosis, discoloration of the skin and hair, and increased levels of transaminases and creatine kinase.

Selenium plays an essential role in controlling thyroid hormone metabolism. Due to feedback, selenium deficiency can cause reduced rates of growth, which reduces the synthesis of triiodothyronine-mediated growth hormone. A combined deficiency of selenium and iodine worsens hypothyroidism. Selenium is also essential for normal reproductive function.

Toxicity from excessive selenium intake can occur due to industrial exposure (electronics, copper, ceramics, glass, rubber) or drinking water in some parts of the world. Toxic symptoms include foul breath (like garlic), brittle thick nails, dry, brittle hair, red skin on the hands and feet, and nervous system abnormalities such as numbness, convulsions, or paralysis.

The determination of metals is done by ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry), a method that enables the simultaneous detection of many metals. Its sensitivity and accuracy are significantly better than conventional atomic absorption, with the ability to measure metals at concentrations up to 1 in 1015 (1 in 1 quadrillion, ppq)!



Important Note

Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for diagnosing and monitoring all pathological conditions. Between 70% and 80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. The correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased."

Laboratory test results should not be interpreted solely based on the numerical result of a single analysis. They should be interpreted in relation to each individual case, family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your physician should explain the importance of your test results.

At Diagnostiki Athinon, we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and contact your doctor to ensure you receive the best possible medical care.

Additional information
Tests includedIncludes 1 test
Sample Blood, Faeces, Hair, Nails
Procedure completion test
Step 1

Purchase the test you want online

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Step 2


We send you the certified package - sampling collection kit, to collect your sample, always in accordance with the instructions contained within the kit.

Step 3

Sending your sample

After you have collected your sample, place it in the prepaid shipping package, contact the courier company and send it to our certified laboratory.

Step 4

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

Step 1

Book an appointment and buy the test online

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Step 2


Visit the certified laboratory of Diagnostiki Athinon on the date and time you have chosen, to perform the sampling.

Step 3

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

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