Molecular testing for Nocardia is used for laboratory documentation of nocardiosis.
The genus Nocardia comprises a total of 85 species that are weakly Gram-positive and catalase-positive bacteria. Many species are non-pathogenic to humans, while others are responsible for nocardiosis. Nocardia species are distributed throughout the world and are mainly found in soil rich in organic matter. In addition, it can be found in the microflora of the mouth, in healthy gums as well as in periodontal follicles.
Most Nocardia infections begin with the inhalation of the bacteria or through their introduction into the body following injury. Human infections are mainly primary lesions of the skin (rare), lungs (60-80%), and brain (20-40%). Brain abscess is the most lethal complication of Nocardia infection.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. The correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.