This test checks the urine for methamphetamine.
Methamphetamine and amphetamine belong to a group of related drugs called sympathomimetic amines which are stimulants of the central nervous system. Amphetamine was first introduced into medicine in 1930 and was used to treat nasal congestion, narcolepsy, obesity, and depression. Methamphetamine is metabolized to amphetamine and excreted in the urine. In contrast, amphetamine is not metabolized to methamphetamine. Methamphetamine exists in two different forms: "d" and "l". Illicit methamphetamine is mainly d-methamphetamine, while the one found in some medications is l-methamphetamine (l-desoxyephedrine). Typically, it can be detected in the urine 1-5 days after the last dose.
Physiological actions: Increased metabolism, heart rate, energy, nervousness, alertness, and decreased appetite.
Psychological effects: Methamphetamine has a long list of potentially catastrophic side effects such as paranoia, hallucinations, heart attacks, and strokes. High doses and prolonged use can lead to complete psychosis with violent and aggressive behavior and can lead to schizophrenia-like symptoms.
The test detects d-Methamphetamine, l-Methamphetamine, p-Hydroxymethamphetamine, Mefentermine, and 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA).
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. The correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.