URL path: Index page // Influenza Virus A H1N1, Molecular Detection

Influenza Virus A H1N1, Molecular Detection

Includes 1 test
Other
3 Days
150€

Molecular testing for the presence of type A influenza viruses, subtype H1N1, used to rapidly and with absolute accuracy laboratory confirmation of the infection by the specific subtype of influenza virus. This test is useful for timely documentation of influenza, which allows for the rapid application of appropriate treatment and prophylaxis. This subtype has recently (2010) caused influenza epidemics with several deaths. This flu is known as swine flu.

Influenza viruses, the causative agents of influenza, are RNA viruses of the Orthomyxoviridae family. The genome of influenza viruses is fragmented and comprises eight separate RNA chains, each encoding a specific protein. The virus is surrounded by an envelope consisting of lipids of the cell membrane together with viral proteins (hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, responsible for viral infectivity and virus release). Influenza viruses are genetically changing. Minor antigenic changes are the general rule (antigenic drift) and are explained by the natural selection of point mutations in the hemagglutinin, under the pressure of the immune system. More pronounced changes (antigenic shifts) explain the periodic occurrence of influenza epidemics and pandemics.

Influenza viruses are airborne and propagate under normal conditions to the nasopharynx mucosa, resulting in the appearance of rhinitis, pharyngitis, or tracheobronchitis, after 24-72 hours incubation period. Pneumonia caused solely by the influenza virus is rare. As a rule, pneumonia is caused by infections with Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Pneumococcal, or Hemophilus. These infections can be treated with antibiotics.

Type A influenza virus is the most important and most frequently observed influenza virus. It causes repeated epidemics or even pandemics from time to time. After a 1-5 day incubation period, in which the viruses multiply in the nasopharynx mucosa, rhinitis, and pharyngitis accompanied by fever develop. Headache and muscle pain (myositis) may occur, which may be accompanied by nausea and loss of appetite. After 6 days, the fever may fall, but rhinitis, cough, and weakness remain for at least 1-2 weeks.

Type B influenza virus tends to have fewer antigenic changes and is involved in only a few epidemic outbreaks.

Influenza C virus is rarely isolated and plays a minor role as a pathogen.

 

 

Important Note

Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. The correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".

Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.

At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.

Additional information
Tests includedIncludes 1 test
Sample Other
Procedure completion test
Step 1

Book an appointment and buy the test online

Select from the most complete range test of Prevention, Andrology and Diagnostics, book an appointment in real time and purchase them online.

Step 2

Sampling

Visit the certified laboratory of Diagnostiki Athinon on the date and time you have chosen, to perform the sampling.

Step 3

Receiving the test results

Download your test results easily and securely anytime you want by logging in to your personal account.

Share it