The Mycoplasma pneumonia serological screening is used for the laboratory diagnosis of infections associated with this particular microorganism.
Mycoplasmas belong to the Mollicutes class of bacteria which includes three distinct families and four genera, one of which is the genus Mycoplasma with more than 60 species. Mycoplasmas are the smallest free-living organisms known (300 to 500 nm in diameter) and unlike bacteria have no cell wall. Mycoplasmas are extracellular parasites, prefer mucosal membranes and can cause infections in humans, animals, plants and cell cultures.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is primarily a pathogen in the human respiratory system and affects the nasopharynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. Other Mycoplasmas such as M. buccale, M. faucium, M. orale and M. salivarium coexist in the oral cavity. Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum are mainly found in the genital system and can occasionally act as pathogens. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is by far the most important pathogen of this group. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a human pathogenic bacterium that causes tracheobronchitis and primary atypical pneumonia. Also, diseases such as myocardial infarction, encephalitis, chronic neuropathy, and Guillain-Barre syndrome may in some cases be associated with infection with pneumonia. Infection with M. pneumoniae occurs worldwide. Infections are endemic in larger urban areas and epidemics occur at different times. M. pneumoniae is estimated to cause 15-20% of all pneumonia. The rate is higher in children and young adults. 74% of infections with Mycoplasma pneumonia are asymptomatic and re-infection can occur. Acquired physical immunity to Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection appears to be of limited duration (2-3 years).
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.