The Vitamin Basic Profile includes the testing of water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B6, and C as well as fat-soluble vitamins A (beta-carotene and retinol) and E (alpha- and gamma-tocopherol) and is an excellent tool for a quick and comprehensive assessment of the nutritional status of the body. Vitamins are organic substances necessary in very small quantities for the proper functioning of the organism. A diet that includes a variety of foods usually results in the intake of all the necessary vitamins.
Who should do the Vitamin Basic Profile?
Those who have symptoms, signs, or laboratory findings that indicate a deficiency of some vitamins
- Disorders of the skin and mucous membranes and especially lesions in the corners of the mouth (angular cheilitis)
- Redness of the face
- Red or white pimples like those of acne
- Hair loss, alopecia, brittle hair, and nails
- Nervous system disorders (hallucinations, numbness, irritability, dementia, amnesia)
- Anemia, increase in homocysteine
Those at risk for vitamin deficiency
- Gastrointestinal surgeries
- Celiac disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis)
- Unbalanced diet
- Extreme diets
- Pregnancy, lactation
- Intense physical exercise
Those who use systematic dietary supplements
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) has a wide range of functions, including many metabolic reactions and the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the "energy currency" for every cell type throughout the body. Vitamin B1 deficiencies can occur in people with gastrointestinal disorders, such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, or irritable bowel syndrome.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is important for energy production, enzyme function, and the normal synthesis of fatty acids and amino acids.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxal) is involved in the synthesis of serotonin and norepinephrine, chemicals that transmit signals to the brain (neurotransmitters). It is also involved in the formation of myelin, a fatty substance that forms the protective layer around nerve cells. Vitamin B6 deficiencies can occur in people with gastrointestinal disorders, such as celiac disease or inflammatory bowel diseases, or irritable bowel syndrome.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) plays an important role in the development and repair of body tissues, including the repair and maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth, wound healing, and the formation of fibrous tissue and is involved in the formation of skin, tendons, ligaments, and vessels.
Beta-carotene is a fat-soluble micronutrient that is a precursor to vitamin A. Therefore, a deficiency or decrease in beta-carotene can lead to a deficiency of vitamin A. Beta-carotene is the form of vitamin A derived from plant sources (green or orange vegetables and fruits). The body converts β-carotene to vitamin A if the thyroid gland is functioning normally and the patient does not have diabetes.
Vitamin A is a very important ingredient, essential for good vision, mucosal and skin health, production of sperm and eggs, immune system function, growth, cell division, bone metabolism, antioxidant defense, and cancer prevention. Symptoms and signs of vitamin A deficiency include: difficulty seeing especially at night, bruising of the skin, acne and dry skin, decreased resistance to disease, poor growth. Preformed vitamin A is found mainly in meat, eggs, and fish.
Vitamin E is an important antioxidant for tissues, helping to neutralize free radicals and protect cells. Vitamin E is mainly found in two forms. The most active alpha-tocopherol found in the European diet where the main dietary sources are olive oil and sunflower oil and gamma-tocopherol which is the most common form in the American diet due to the higher intake of soybean oil and corn oil.